How To Increase AMH Level And How Much Can It Vary In Normal Females
Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) is produced in the reproductive tissues of the male and female bodies. However, here in this article, we will discuss female AMH levels and how it varies in the normal female.
AMH plays a decisive role in the development of the sex organs of an unborn baby. That means during the initial weeks of pregnancy the baby starts developing reproductive organs. As a matter of fact, the baby already inherits the genes to become either a male, comprising XY genes or a female with XX genes. But if the AMH presents a high proportion in a woman's body, it prevents the development of female organs and encourages the growth of male organs.
The AMH levels and their role depend on the age and gender of an individual. The ovarian follicles are responsible to produce the AMH. Therefore, it relates to the number or proportion of antral follicles in the ovaries. A survey reveals that a woman with lesser AMH levels has a low count of antral follicles and as result, they produce fewer eggs compared with the women having high AMH levels. Nowadays, therefore, many fertility experts frequently use the AMH test for fertility assessment, particularly to ascertain the ovarian function and to forecast the reproductive lifespan. This assessment can be done on any day of the period. It may not vary with the menstrual cycle. AMH, as a matter of fact, declines with the age; however, occasional high levels indicate the presence of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (POS) in some patients.
Let's see what factors are responsible for variation in AMH
With the growing age, the number of ovarian eggs declines. As the woman comes closer to the menopause stage her AMH drops to the low level, but her fertility potential significantly comes down 13 years before the expected menopause. So, AMH is one of the important indicators that suggest a fall in a woman's pregnancy chances. When the AMH levels show a great decline or start declining it is necessary to administer proper treatment in order to conceive a baby.
- Ethnic lineage / Race
As far as racial attributes are concerned, Hispanics and black women are observed to have exceedingly low levels of AMH. They are only about 25 percent compared to women of the same age, belonging to the Caucasian race. Women in India and Southeast Asian women have also been detected with lower AMH levels in comparison to the Caucasian ladies.
Body Mass Index (BMI) is also one of the contributors to AMH. BMI has a negative impact on AMH because of the changed metabolism of hormones in obese women.
Alarmingly high levels of psychological stress can cause a fall in the AMH level of a woman, resulting in reproductive failure. It is, therefore, necessary for a woman to make conscious efforts to reduce her stress and keep herself healthy and happy for a successful pregnancy.
- Lifestyle changes and bad habits
Many women are found to have unhealthy lifestyles and bad habits like smoking. They are likely to have low AMH, poor egg quality, and declined follicular count. Especially those who are chain smokers have more likely to have these deficiencies. Frequent smokers are likely to attain the menopause much before compared to the other normal non-smoking women.
- Ovarian Surgery
For women who have undergone ovarian surgery including removal of a small or large part of the ovary known as chocolate cyst or removal of one ovary, a dermoid cyst can suffer from depletion of AMH hormone.
- Excessive use of oral contraceptive pills
Excessive consumption of oral contraceptive medicines can cause a decline in AMH levels. Due to prolonged use of these pills, there is a suppression of FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormones) and it may take a longer time of about six months or more to restore normalcy.
AMH level is an indicator of the number of eggs in a woman's ovary. In rare cases, a fluctuation is observed in the AMH levels. Although there are no specific medications to increase this level scientists are making extensive research to improve your ovarian reserve by stimulating dormant ovarian cells. Scientists are working on stimulating the specific stem cells in order to enable them to recreate new eggs. However, research is still going on for its application in clinical use.
There are, however, some specific guidelines and lifestyle changes that may help you to improve the number of ovarian eggs for maturation. These changes will not show an immediate impact on your AMH level. In case you are diagnosed with a low level of AMH, immediately consult the fertility expert. You can consult Dr. Mamta Dighe of Xenith Advanced Fertility Center, one of the best IVF Centers in Pune and Pimpri Chinchwad. Actually, it is better for any woman to have an idea about her fertility potential and AMH level. The fertility experts at Xenith specialize in the treatment of women with a low ovarian reserve and all Infertility Treatments for Females in Pune. Contact us for your enquires related to AMH or any other Infertility related treatments in Pune and Pimpri Chinchwad.